Second Grade Science Curriculum Map

 

Nature of Science

By the conclusion of second grade, students will understand that scientific inquiry has produced much knowledge about the world and that much is still unknown.  Students will investigate scientific contributions made by people everywhere in the world and use investigations in science to answer different questions.  Students will repeat observations of investigations to improve accuracy and measure length, volume, mass and temperature in appropriate units.  Students will make predictions based on observations rather than random guesses, conduct simple experiments safely to answer questions and recognize unexpected or unusual quantitative data.  Students will use scientific thinking skills, i.e. observing, communication, classifying, comparing, and predicting.

 


 

 

Standards

Content/Essential Questions

Skills

Assessment

August

/September

 

Earth/Space Standards

 

1.      Investigate and describe basic types and pattern of weather (example: high and low temperature, winds, precipitation, storms)

 

2.  Describe the uses and importance of   

     measuring and recording weather   

     data

 

3.  Describe how weather and seasonal 

     changes affect plants, animals, and

     their surroundings

 

4.  Describe how weathering and 

     erosion affect land surfaces

 

 

 

 

 

Weather on the Earth's Surface

 

- What is weather and how

   does it change?

 

- How and why do we measure      

   weather conditions?

 

- What causes seasons?

 

- What is weathering?

 

- What is erosion?

 

- Where can we see examples

   of weathering and erosion?    

 

Weather on the Earth's Surface

 

* Observe, measure, gather, record, display and interpret weather data - temperature, precipitation and wind

 

*Compare and classify weather data

 

*Estimate relative temperatures

 

*Evaluate experimental designs

analyzing patterns of light/shadows

 

*Communicate affects of weather on plants, people, and animals

 

*Use observations to relate a structure to its function

 

*Make inferences regarding weather/seasonal affects on animals and people

 

*Compare and contrast areas of weathering and erosion

 

 

Complete a weather chart to compare data using bar graphs 

 

Read a bar graph

 

Plan and construct an investigation showing weather/seasonal affects on plants

 

Observation

 

Portfolio

 

Unit Test

 

Standards

Content/Essential Questions

Skills

Assessment

September/

October

Earth/Space Standards

 

5.  Observe stars in relation to Earth and

     the universe (example: number, 

     brightness, basic constellations)

 

 

 

Physical Science Standards

 

1.  Investigate and describe basic

     properties of solids, liquids,

     and gases

2.  Classify objects by their physical

     properties

3.  Classify matter by its state

4.  Explain how many things are

     made of smaller pieces, different

     amounts, and various shapes

5.  Investigate and understand   processes

     associated with changes in matter

     from one state to another (example:

     condensation, evaporation,

     melting, freezing, expanding,

     contracting)

6.  Describe supporting evidence

     for physical changes

7.  Recognize that some changes in

     matter can be reversed and some

     cannot

Exploring Earth & Space

 

- What is a star?

 

- What is in the sky?

 

- What causes day and night?

 

Exploring Matter

 

- What is matter?

 

- What can we find out about  

   solids?

 

- What can we find out about

   liquids?

 

- What can we find out about

  gases?

 

- Why does matter change?

 

- How does matter change?

 

 

 

Exploring Earth & Space

 

*Observe stars

*Research characteristics of a star

*Locate/identify basic constellations

*Compare relationships between the stars (sun), moon, and earth

 

Exploring Matter

 

*Define properties of matter

 

*Plan and conduct investigations comparing and contrasting solids, liquids, and gases

 

*Classify matter by similar and different properties

 

*Predict changes in matter in a variety of situations (heat, cold, mixture, etc)

 

*Test predictions through investigation and experimentation

 

*Observe and compare changes in matter

 

*Describe changes in matter

 

 

 

Oral report

 

Communicate time/space relationship

 

Unit Test

 

 

 

Kinds of Matter - classification chart

 

Vocabulary Bank

 

Oral interview

 

Portfolio

 

Observations

 

Unit Test

 

 

 

Standards

Content/Essential Questions

Skills

Assessment

November/

December

Physical Science Standards

 

8.  Predict the effects of force on objects

9.  Describe how force can be used to  

     make objects move

10 Explore forces that move objects

     (example: gravitation, magnetic,

     electrostatic)

11 Describe how things can move or

     be made to move

12 Explore ways to make objects move

     faster or slower or in a different

     direction

13 Discuss and make predictions about

     moving things (i.e.: insects, birds, 

     fans)

14 Explain how heat can be produced 

     in many ways

15 Explain that natural and artificial

     magnets have certain characteristics

     and how they attract specific metals

16 Explore how light can pass through

     some objects and not others

17 Explain that light travels in a straight

     line unless it strikes an object

     (i.e.: describe the casting of shadows,

     and the effects of prisms)

18 Investigate and understand how

     electricity passing through circuits

     can produce heat, light, sound, and

     magnetic effects

19 Investigate sources of energy (i.e.:

     moving water, food, wind, sun)

 

 

Energy In Motion

 

- What are forces?

 

- How can we measure motion?

 

-What is energy?

 

- How is heat produced?

 

- How do magnets work?

 

- How does light travel?

 

- What happens when electricity

   travels?

 

-Where does energy come from?

 

 

 

Energy In Motion

 

*Define force

 

*Predict the effect of force on objects

 

*Plan and conduct investigations using force upon objects

 

*Measure direction, distance, and speed with regard to force upon objects

 

*Gather and record data

 

*Draw conclusions about the effects of force upon objects

 

*Define energy

 

*Plan and conduct investigations comparing different types of energy - heat, magnetic, light, electric

 

*Identify characteristics of different types and uses of energy

 

 

Observation

 

Portfolio

 

Measurements of force

 

Oral Interview

 

Pictograph depicting energy sources

 

Experimentation Process

 

Unit Test

 

 

 

 

 

Standards

Content/Essential Questions

Skills

Assessment

January/

February

Science, Environment, and Society Standard

 

 

1.  Describe how technology contributes

     to solving problems

 

2.  Explain how technology is applied to

     daily life

 

3.  Analyze the impact and interactions

     of human activities on the

     environment

 

4.  Model the ways to recycle, reuse,

     and reduce consumption of natural

     resources

 

5.  Investigate and describe ways

     science is used to solve problems

 

6.  Explain scientific findings

     which have generated solutions to

     various environmental and social

     concerns (example: water

     pollution, fire hazards,

     malnutrition)

 

Making Our World A Better Place by using Science and Technology

 

- What are science skills?

 

-  How do people solve

   problems?

 

- How can we use science skills

   in our every day life?

 

- What are natural resources?

 

-How do we use natural resources?

 

- How does technology help

  make our life easier?

Making Our World A Better Place by using Science and Technology

 

 

*Research changes in technology that help us in our daily lives

 

*Interview adults - inquiring about advances in technology

 

*Gather, record, and interpret data from interview

 

*Define natural resources

 

*Compare and classify ways to recycle, reuse, and reduce

 

* Develop systematic steps in problem solving

 

*Compare scientific method to problem solving

 

*Define good stewardship

 

 

 

 

Technology timeline

 

Observation

 

Oral Interview

 

Scientific Method

 

Portfolio

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Standards

Content/Essential Questions

Skills

Assessment

March/

April

Life Science Standards

 

1.  Describe similarities and differences

     of plants

 

2.  Describe similarities and differences

     of animals

 

3.  Compare characteristics of extinct

     animals with those that are living  

     today

 

5.  Describe how plants go through a

     series of orderly changes in their life

     cycle (example: flowering plants

     undergo many changes from the

     formation of a flower to the

     development of the fruit)

 

6.  Classify and analyze living things by

     structure and function (example:

     bird's beak and what the bird eats)

 

7.  Describe how some animals (frogs

     and butterflies) go through distinct

     stages during their lives while others

     generally resemble their parents

     throughout most of their lives

 

9.  Explain reasons for the 

     disappearance of extinct species

     (example: theories about why

     dinosaurs disappeared)

 

Living Things Grow and Change

 

- What are living and nonliving

   things?

 

- How do living things grow and

  change?

 

- How are plants alike and

  different?

 

- How are animals alike and

  different?

 

- What are life cycles?

 

- How are animal and plant life cycles alike and different?

 

 

 

Living Things Grow and Change

 

 

* Distinguish between living organisms and nonliving objects

 

*Observe plants to determine how they are alike and different

 

*Identify plant characteristics

 

*Summarize plant information on a

K-W-L chart

 

*Plan and conduct an investigation to describe how plants go through a life cycle

 

*Compare plant life cycles to animal life cycle

 

*Identify animal life cycle, including metamorphosis

 

*Observe animals to determine how they are alike and different

 

*Identify animal characteristics

 

*Summarize animal information on a  K-W-L chart

 

*Define extinction

 

*Communicate theories of extinction

 

 

 

K-W-L chart

 

Scientific Method

 

Experimentation Process

 

Observation

 

Portfolio

 

Oral interview

 

Unit Test

 

 

 

 

Standards

Content/Essential Questions

Skills

Assessment

April/

May

Life Science Standards

 

4.  Compare plants and animals in their

     immediate surroundings with those

     in other habitats

 

8.  Identify behavioral and physical

     characteristics of plants and animals

     that help them survive in their habitat

 

10 Explain how living things are part of

     a system (example: examine owl

     pellets)

 

11 Describe how green plants produce

     oxygen and food, provide useful

     products, and benefits in the

     environment

 

12 Describe how seasonal changes

     affect plants, animals, and their

     surrounding (example: migration,

     hibernation, camouflage, adaptation,

     dormancy)

 

13 Identify factors that may cause

     habitats to change over time

 

 

 

Homes for Living Things

 

- What is a habitat?

 

- What is an ecosystem?

 

- What are different land habitats?

 

- What are different water

habitats?

 

- How do plants and animals help each other?

 

- Why do habitats change?

 

Homes for Living Things

 

*Define habitat

 

*Compare and contrast a variety of habitats

 

*Match habitat to plant/animal

 

*Define ecosystem

 

*Plan and construct ecosystem - terrarium

 

*Define food chain through illustration

 

*Compare different food chains

 

*Discuss seasonal changes and how they affect plants and animals

 

*Draw conclusion - how can we be a positive element in our ecosystem

 

 

 

Ecosystem experimentation

 

Food Chain illustration

 

Portfolio

 

Observation

 

Communication

 

Unit Test